A majority of US Federal Reserve rate-setters forecast two rate hikes in 2023 rather than none as before. That shift has affected markets and prompted wealth managers to speculate that the period of extraordinary monetary expansion is nearing an end.
The US Federal Reserve yesterday signaled it expects to tighten policy and “taper” its asset purchases – aka quantitative easing – further than it had previously stated. The statement hasn’t greatly surprised wealth managers, but did reinforce the notion that a period of extraordinary monetary expansion is set to wind down.
The large QE programs of the Fed, and other central banks, since the 2008 financial crash, and reinforced by their reactions to the pandemic, have squeezed yields on equities and bonds, and played a big part in encouraging wealth managers to build exposures to less liquid areas such as private equity and debt. An eventual turn in policy could bring some stresses in the system to light.
Here is part of the Fed statement. Below are reactions from a range of firms:
“The [Fed] Committee seeks to achieve maximum employment and inflation at the rate of 2 per cent over the longer run. With inflation having run persistently below this longer-run goal, the Committee will aim to achieve inflation moderately above 2 per cent for some time so that inflation averages 2 per cent over time and longer-term inflation expectations remain well anchored at 2 per cent. The Committee expects to maintain an accommodative stance of monetary policy until these outcomes are achieved.
“The Committee decided to keep the target range for the federal funds rate at 0 to 0.25 per cent and expects it will be appropriate to maintain this target range until labor market conditions have reached levels consistent with the Committee's assessments of maximum employment and inflation has risen to 2 per cent and is on track to moderately exceed 2 per cent for some time. In addition, the Federal Reserve will continue to increase its holdings of Treasury securities by at least $80 billion per month and of agency mortgage-backed securities by at least $40 billion per month until substantial further progress has been made toward the Committee's maximum employment and price stability goals.”
Rick Rieder, chief investment officer of global fixed
income and head of the BlackRock global allocation
At yesterday's FOMC meeting, the Committee revealed more expected tightening and further steps toward tapering asset purchases than they had previously. We see these as steps in the right direction. Yesterday’s Federal Reserve statement and press conference suggest that the Committee believes progress has been made toward its goals, but that there’s still some room to go to hit the recently re-defined objective of maximum employment. Still, it’s now time to set up for the end of this long-running emergency-policy-focused movie.
The Fed surprised markets and some commentators revealing the Committee assumes more interest rate increases than previously. We think this is the right move, and the assumptions of the appropriate funds' rate saw a wholesale upward revision in 2023. The median participant now assumes two interest rate increases in 2023, a step in the right direction. Importantly, we also learned yesterday that the Fed appreciates that its-newly set inflation target of above 2 per cent for some time is closer to being achieved.
The Fed surprised markets and some commentators with median
inflation forecasts that were revised up in SEP to run above 2.0
per cent in 2022 and 2023, and the assumptions of the appropriate
funds rate saw a wholesale upward revision in 2023. Indeed, six
participants moved up from zero in 2023, leaving only five dots
at no hikes through the forecast horizon. That change likely
included most of the Committee leadership and overall, the moves
pushed the path of future appropriate policy assumptions to
reveal two 25 bps policy rate increases in 2023.